Geography of London

London, south-east of Britain, is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom. Long time the capital of the British Empire, it is henceforth the political center and the seat of the Commonwealth.
Founded almost 2000 years ago by the Romans under the name Londinium, London in the nineteenth century was the most populous city in the world. Now widely exceeded by many megacities, it remains a city of the first rank, because of its reach and its considerable economic power, mainly due to its status as the first global financial center.

Geography of London

 

 

Epistemology of Intelligence Agencies

Epistemology of Intelligence AgenciesAbout the analogy between the epistemological and methodological aspects of the activity of intelligence agencies and some scientific disciplines, advocating for a more scientific approach to the process of collecting and analyzing information within the intelligence cycle. I assert that the theoretical, ontological and epistemological aspects of the activity of many intelligence agencies are underestimated, leading to incomplete understanding of current phenomena and confusion in inter-institutional collaboration. After a brief Introduction, which includes a history of the evolution of the intelligence concept after World War II, Intelligence Activity defines the objectives and organization of intelligence agencies, the core model of these organizations (the intelligence cycle), and the relevant aspects of the intelligence gathering and intelligence analysis. In the Ontology section, I highlight the ontological aspects and the entities that threaten and are threatened. The Epistemology section includes aspects specific to intelligence activity, with the analysis of the traditional (Singer) model, and a possible epistemological approach through the concept of tacit knowledge developed by scientist Michael Polanyi. In the Methodology section there are various methodological theories with an emphasis on structural analytical techniques, and some analogies with science, archeology, business and medicine. In Conclusions I argue on the possibility of a more scientific approach to methods of intelligence gathering and analysis of intelligence agencies.

CONTENTS:

Abstract
1 Introduction
1.1. History
2. Intelligence activity
2.1. Organizations
2.2. Intelligence cycle
2.3 Intelligence gathering
2.4. Intelligence analysis
2.5. Counterintelligence
2.6. Epistemic communities
3. Ontology
4. Epistemology
4.1. The tacit knowledge (Polanyi)
5. Methodologies
6. Analogies with other disciplines
6.1. Science
6.2. Archeology
6.3. Business
6.4. Medicine
7. Conclusions
Bibliography

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12971.49445

07.04.2019

MultiMedia Publishing https://www.telework.ro/en/e-books/epistemology-of-intelligence-agencies/

Epistemology of Intelligence Agencies

Computing Devices

Computing DevicesThe computer itself is the main source of information for the investigator. In the computer, information is stored on the hard disk. A hard disk drive is a device that can record magnetic data, consisting of one or more rigid discs, read / write heads and mechanical mechanisms protected by a metal casing, hermetically sealed. The storage capacity of a hard disk is normal nowadays thousands of gigabytes. A computer may have one or more hard disks of different types and capacities.

Computing Devices

Equality of outcome

The equality of outcome (equality of results) is a concept of social justice that defends real equality achieved and proven in the field of human rights, both civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights . (In the novel Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, the Dodo tells Alice … Read More

The post Equality of outcome appeared first on SetThings.

Small Business Management for Online Business – Web Development, Internet Marketing, Social Networks

O introducere în teoria şi practica conceptelor de sănătate, medicină, boli, droguri, nutriţie, detoxifiere, apă, frumuseţe, diete, pierderea în greutate şi exerciţii fizice.

Există patru factori determinanţi ai sănătăţii generale: biologia umană, mediu, stilul de viaţă, şi asistenţa medicală. Astfel, sănătatea este menţinută prin ştiinţa şi practica medicală, dar poate fi, de asemenea, îmbunătăţită prin efort individual. Aptitudinile fizice, pierderea în greutate, alimentaţia sănătoasă, managementul stresului şi renunţarea la fumat şi alte abuzuri de substanţe, sunt exemple de măsuri pentru a îmbunătăţi sănătatea cuiva.
Exerciţiul fizic este considerat important pentru menţinerea condiţiei fizice, inclusiv o greutate sănătoasă, construirea şi menţinerea oaselor sănătoase, a muşchilor şi articulaţiilor, promovarea bunăstării fiziologice, reducerea riscurilor chirurgicale, şi consolidarea sistemului imunitar.
O nutriţie adecvată este cel puţin la fel de importantă pentru sănătate ca exerciţiile. Atunci când se practică exerciţiile devine şi mai importantă o dietă bună pentru a asigura organismului raportul corect de macronutrienţi, pentru a ajuta organismul în procesul de recuperare după exerciţii fizice extenuante.
O modalitate importantă de a menține sănătatea ta personală este de a avea o dietă sănătoasă. O dietă sănătoasă include o varietate de alimente pe bază de plante și animale care oferă substanţe nutritive pentru corpul dvs. Astfel de elemente nutritive vă dau energie și menține funcţionarea corpului. Nutrienții ajută la construirea şi întărirea oaselor, muşchilor, tendoanelor și, de asemenea, reglementează procesele corpului (de exemplu, tensiunea arterială). Piramida – ghidul alimentelor – este un ghid în formă de piramidă a alimentelor sănătoase împărțit în secțiuni. Fiecare secțiune prezintă aportul recomandat pentru fiecare grup de alimente (de exemplu, proteine, grăsimi, carbohidraţi, și zaharuri). Efectuarea de alegeri alimente sănătoase este importantă, deoarece aceasta poate reduce riscul de boli de inimă, unele tipuri de cancer în curs de dezvoltare, și va contribui la menţinerea unei greutăţi sănătoase.
Controlul propriu asupra vietii tale şi aşteptările realiste cu privire la provocările tale zilnice, sunt cheia managementului sănătăţii, probabil cel mai important ingredient pentru a trăi o viaţă fericită şi plină de satisfacţii.

CUPRINS:

Sănătatea
– Exerciţii fizice
– Igiena
– Nutriţia
– Sănătatea mentală
– Factori determinanţi ai sănătăţii
– – Menţinerea sănătăţii
– – – Dieta
– – – Rolul ştiinţei
– – – Rolul sănătăţii publice
– Efectele radiaţiei solare asupra sănătăţii oamenilor
– – Beneficii
– – Riscuri
Medicina
– Ramuri ale medicinii
– Practiţionişti de nivel mediu
– Educaţia medicală
– Restricţii legale
– Medicina alternativă
– – Tipuri de medicină alternativă
– – – Sisteme bazate pe convingeri neştiinţifice sau practici tradiţionale
– – – Energii supranaturale şi interpretări eronate ale energiilor fizice
– – Ayurveda
– – – Clasificarea metodelor
– Pseudo-medicina
– – Frenologia
– – Homeopatia
– – – Remedii şi tratamente
– – – Reglementări şi prevalenţe
– – – Opoziţia publică
– – Medicina energetică
– – – Clasificarea metodelor
– – – Convingeri
– – – Cercetări ştiinţifice
– – – Explicaţii alternative pentru rapoarte pozitive
Boli
– Cauze şi transmisibilitate
– Variaţii sociale şi culturale
– Cancerul
– Diabetul zaharat
– Ebola
– – Boala virală Ebola
– Durerea de burtă
– – Simptome
– – Stresul şi sindromul colonului iritabil
– – Tratament
– Durerea de cap
– – Cum scăpaţi de durerea de cap
– 4 teste pentru femeile peste 50 ani
Droguri
– Medicaţie
– Utilizarea spirituală şi religioasă
– Auto-îmbunătăţirea
– Consumul de droguri recreaţionale
– Medicamente
– – Cele mai vândute medicamente din lume
– Substanţe abortive
– – Istorie
– – Abortive pe bază de plante
– – Medicamente abortive
– Plante etnobotanice psihoactive
– – Legaliatea plantelor psihoactive
– – Acacia
– – Ayahuasca (Banisteriopsis caapi)
– – Bay bean (Canavalia maritimă, Canavalia trandafirie)
– – Murele (Rubus fruticosus)
– – Trompeta îngerilor (Brugmansia)
– – Piperul negru (Piper nigrum)
– – Scorţişoara (Cinnamomum verum)
Nutriţia
– Nutrienţi
– – Macronutrienţi
– – Micronutrienţi
– – Minerale în canităţi foarte mici
– – Antioxidanţi
– – Flora bacteriană intestinală
– Diete de sănătate
– – Diete alimentare vegetariene complete
– – “Paradoxul” francez
– Aditivi alimentari
– – Codificarea aditivilor alimentari
– – Standardizarea produselor derivate
– – Categorii de aditivi alimentari
– Cum mâncăm sănătos?
– – 1. Prioritizarea cumpărăturilor
– – 2. Stabileşte un buget
– – 3. Achiziţionează produse de pe pieţele locale, ţărăneşti
– – 5. Reducerea consumului de carne
– – 6. Cumpără cereale în vrac
– – 7. Cumpără legume şi fasole în vrac
– – 8. Reducerea consumului de produse lactate
– – 9. Cumpără doar ceea ce ai nevoie
– – 10. Cumpără de la magazine cunoscute
– – 11. Găteşte mult
– – 12. Găteşte cu alimente integrale
– – 13. Mănâncă mai puţin
– Cimbrul
– – Cultivarea
– – Cimbrul în mâncare
– – Cimbrul ca medicament
– Ridichiile
– – Cultivarea
– – Consumul
Detoxifierea
– Detoxifierea în medicina alternativă
– – Istoric
– – Tampoane de curăţare şi detoxifiere
– Tipuri de detoxifiere
– – Dezintoxicarea de alcool
– – Dezintoxicarea de droguri
– – Detoxifiere metabolică
– – Medicina alternativă
– Modalităţi de detoxifiere
– – Diete de detoxifiere
– – Curăţirea colonului
– – Metale grele
– – Dispozitive de detoxifiere
– Terapia de chelare
– Detoxifierea proteică
– Detoxifierea anusului şi intestinelor cu cafea
– – Efecte şi riscuri
– Remedii naturale pentru detoxifierea organismului
– Plasturi (tampoane) de detoxifiere aplicate pe picioare
– – Ce sunt plasturii de detoxifiere (tampoanele de detoxifiere) pentru picior?
– – De ce se aplică plasturii pe picioare?
– Cura de detoxifiere
– – Reţeta pentru micul dejun
Apa
– Apa potabilă
– Calitatea apei de băut şi contaminanţi
– Filtre de apă potabilă
– – Utilizări
– Tipuri de filtre de apă
– – Filtre pentru staţiile de tratare a apei
– – Filtre pentru apa potabilă la punctul de folosire/domestice
– – Filtre de apă portabile
– – Filtre de apă improvizate
– Osmoza inversă
– Purificarea apei de băut prin osmoză inversă
Frumuseţea
– Atractivitatea fizică
– Atracţia fizică
– Factorii contributivi generali
– Atracţia interpersonală
– Medicina estetică
– – Indicaţii
– – Cele mai obişnuite proceduri
– – Beneficii ale medicinei estetice
– Chirurgia plastică
– Cosmetice
– – Istorie
– – Controverse privind cosmeticele
– – – Etica
– – – Protecţia
– – – Testarea pe animale
– Cosmetologia antropometrică
– – Istorie
– – Intervenţia chirurgicală
– – Tipuri de cosmetologie antropometrică
– – Perioada de reabilitare
– – Complicaţii dupa cosmetologia antropometrică
– Părul
– – Culoarea părului
– – – Culoarea părului este pigmentarea foliculilor de păr din cauza a două tipuri de melanină: eumelanină şi feomelanină.
– – – Genetica şi biochimia culorii părului
– – Îndepărtarea părului
– – – Forme de îndepărtarea părului
– – – Avantaje şi dezavantaje
– – Părul nedorit la femei şi hirsutismul
– – – Ce se poate face
Diete
– Tipuri de diete
– – Diete cu conţinut scăzut de grăsime
– – Diete cu conţinut scăzut de carbohidraţi
– – Diete cu conţinut scăzut de calorii
– – Diete cu conţinut foarte scăzut de calorii
– – Numărarea caloriilor
– – Diete de detoxifiere
– Rolul alimentaţiei în diete
– Dieta în diabet
– – Carbohidraţi
– – Alternative cu nivel scăzut de carbohidraţi
– Ce presupune o dietă sănătoasă?
– – 1. Bea mai multă apă
– – 2. Mănâncă la micul dejun
– – 3. Mănâncă bine pe tot parcursul zilei
– – 4. Mănâncă la ore corecte
– – 5. Renunţă cât mai mult la carne
– – 6. Citeşte etichetele
Pierderea în greutate
– Pierderea în greutate
– Pierderea in greutate intenţionată
– Scăderea neintenţionată în greutate
– – Cauze ale pierderii neintenţionate în greutate
– Reducerea grăsimii sau a masei musculare?
– Energie obţinută din hrană
– Diete
– Obezitatea
– – Fenotipuri
– – Fiziopatologie
– – Diagnosticul obezităţii
– – – Indicele de masă corporală
– – – Alţi indici
– – Cauze ale obezităţii
– – – Procese obesogenice
– – – Perturbatoare ale sistemului endocrin
– – – Mediu farmaceutic
– – – Mediu microbiologic
– – – Factori ereditari în obezitate
– – – Alte cauze
– Managementul greutăţii personale
– – Modalităţi de gestionare a greutăţii
– – – Creşterea aportului de proteine, în special la micul dejun
– – – Folosiţi o farfurie mai mică
– – – Mâncaţi mai multă supă
– – – Alegeţi alimente cu calorii scăzute
– – – Creşterea consumului de lactate poate ajuta la pierderea de grăsime
– – – Includerea mai multor legume în mese
– – – Fibre
– – – Amidonul rezistent
– – – Capsaicina (ardei iute)
– – – Cafeina
– – – Ceaiul verde
– Slăbirea prin consumul de apă
– – Impactul energetic
– – – Relementarea energiei
– – – Termoreglarea
– – – Schimbările de dietă
– – Motivaţia pentru un aport mai mare de apă
– – – Apa carbogazoasă
Exerciţii fizice
– Efectele exerciţiilor fizice asupra sănătăţii
– Funcţii influenţate de exerciţiile fizice
– – Sistemul cardiovascular
– – Sistemul imunitar
– – Funcţia cerebrală
– – Depresia
– – Somnul
– – Exerciţii excesive
– – Studiul Myokine
– Exerciţiile fizice, slăbitul, şi sănătatea
– – Fii în formă
– – Menţine o greutate sănătoasă
– – Exerciţii fizice diversificate
– – Exerciţii fizice cu inteligenţă
– – Exploatează micile oportunităţi
– Creşteţi capacitatea plămânilor
– – Respiraţi adânc
– – Inspiraţi adânc
– – Stropiţi-vă cu apă pe faţă
– – Relaxaţi muşchii şi ţineţi-vă respiraţia
– – Expiraţi încet, şi repetaţi de 3-4 ori
– – Încercaţi exerciţii de respiraţie simple
– Exerciţii yoga de relaxare în timp ce lucrezi pe calculator
– Cum să eviţi durerea de şale sau lumbago prin exerciţii fizice
Exonerare de răspundere
Referințe
Despre autor
– Nicolae Sfetcu
– – De același autor
– – Contact
Editura
– MultiMedia Publishing

MultiMedia Publishing https://www.telework.ro/ro/e-books/sanatate-frumusete-metode-de-slabire/

Small Business Management for Online Business – Web Development, Internet Marketing, Social Networks

Bridge Game Overview

Contract bridge, usually known simply as bridge, is a trick-taking card game using a standard deck of 52 playing cards played by four players in two competing partnerships with partners sitting opposite each other around a small table. For purposes of scoring and reference, each player is identified by one of the points of the compass and thus North and South play against East and West. The game consists of several deals each progressing through four phases: dealing the cards, the auction (also referred to as bidding), playing the hand, and scoring the results. Dealing the cards and scoring the results are procedural activities while the auction and playing the hand are the two actively competitive phases of the game.

Nicolae_Sfetcu-Bridge_Game_Overview-C

An Epistemic Evolution of Intelligence

The perception of intelligence as power has intensified during the Second World War, when several intelligence agencies has been formalized and significantly increased. In all countries, new agencies and departments have been set up to deal with threats. Government publications in developed countries, following the September 11, 2001 attack, reflected a consensus that intelligence services are key to preventing mass attacks, spending huge amounts for the intelligence agencies that are considered a major component of national security systems.
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.16398.20809

An Epistemic Evolution of Intelligence

London: Business, Travel, Culture

London: Business, Travel, CultureLondon, the only city to have hosted the Olympics three times (1908, 1948, 2012), is dynamic and very diverse culturally. It plays an important role in art and fashion. It receives 28 million tourists per year and has four sites in World heritage and numerous iconic landmarks: the Palace of Westminster, Tower Bridge, Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, and renowned institutions like the British Museum or the National Gallery.

CONTENTS:

London
– Geography
– – Definition of London
– – Relief and hydrography
– – Districts
– – Urbanization
– – Climate
– History
– – London in Roman times
– – The Anglo-Saxon occupation
– – Medieval London
– – The modern times
– – The contemporary era
– Policy and Administration
– – Local administration
– – Postcodes in London
– – National administration
– – Twinning
– Demography
– – Population
– – Demographic evolution
– – Ethnic diversity
– – Residents born abroad
– – Religion
– Economy
– – Attractiveness
– – Services and finance
– – Tourism
– Lines of communication and transport
– – Rail transport
– – Truck transport
– – Air transport
– – River transport
– Education
– Culture
– – Entertainment
– – Arts
– – Museums
– – Music
– – Sport
– Media
Local government
– London Assembly
– – Composition
– – Presidency
– – Constituencies
– City of London
– – Institutions
– – – The Wards
– – Heraldry
– – An economic and financial center
Geography
– Metropolitan area
Economy
– London Stock Exchange
– – History
– – – Strategic alliances
– Port of London
Buildings and structures
– The tallest buildings
– – Lists
– – – Skyscrapers
– – – Other structures
– – – Comparison chart
– – – Future buildings
– – Other famous structures
– Tower of London
– – Crown jewels
– – Menagerie
Transport
– Air network
– – Aircraft
– – Gondola lift
– Subways and trams
– – London Underground
– – Docklands Light Railway
– – Tramway (Croydon Tramlink)
– Rail network
– – London Overground
– – Commuter trains
– – Outlines
– – International connections
– – Airports connections
– Road network
– River network
– London Underground
– – The metropolitan network
– – – The lines
– – – Stations
– – Culture
– – – The metro map
– – – The roundel
– – – Contribution to the arts
– Bridges
– – River Crossings
– – – River Thames
– – – River Lea
– – – Subterranean rivers
– – – Canals and Docks
– – Road and foot bridges
– – Railway bridges
Culture
– Annual events
– – Major annual events in London
– Museums
– Public art in the City of London
– – Aldgate
– – Bank
– – Blackfriars
– – Broadgate / Liverpool Street / Bishopsgate
– – Cannon Street
– – Fenchurch Street
– – Fleet Street
– – Holborn
– – Moorgate
– – St Paul’s
– – Temple
– – Tower Hill
Education
– Universities and higher education colleges in London
– – Specialised and private universities and higher education colleges
– – Foreign universities
Tourism
– Get in
– – By plane
– – – Airports
– – By boat
– – By train
– – By bus
– – By car
– Get around
– – By train
– – By metro
– – By tram
– – – Oyster card
– – By bus
– – By taxi
– – By car
– – By bike
– – Walk
– See
– – Religious buildings
– – Parks
– – Museums
– – Royal Parks
– – – Administration
– Tips
– – Learn
– – Buy
– – Eat
– – Market towns
– – What to do
– – – Drink
– – – Public events
– – – Bars
– – Concerts
– – – Nightclubs
– – Sleep
– – – Cheap
– – Go next
– – Gentlemen’s clubs
References
About the author
– Nicolae Sfetcu
– – By the same author
– – Contact
Editura
– MultiMedia Publishing

MultiMedia Publishing House https://www.telework.ro/en/e-books/london-business-travel-culture-short-guide/

London: Business, Travel, Culture

How to… Marketing for Small Business

How to... Marketing for Small BusinessWith the exponential growth of the popularity of the Web – the primary instrument using the Internet – an increasingly profitable activity began to be used by a growing number of companies: electronic advertising and marketing, instruments that offer tremendous opportunities at minimal cost .
With more than billion of users worldwide and a big growth rate in the number of users per month, marketing on the Internet is much easier than the traditional methods. Taking into account that a typical marketing campaign causes a response rate of at least 2%, theoretically gives a huge number of answers on the Internet.
What do you expect from Internet Marketing? If you have the patience to deepen understanding of your products and services, and you will design and implement a detailed and valid marketing plan, you can relatively easily to achieve any goal you propose. Perhaps this will not bring immediate material gain, but you will easily notice that you have already created a reputation among clients and competitors, and have been known your offers, at a price much lower than the classic approaches.
In short: you have to give valuable information in an attractive framework… change its content as often as possible … spread them using the many resources offered by the Internet … and use them in such a way as to facilitate client activity… being sure that you are on your way to SUCCESS!

CONTENTS:

Introduction
Marketing or advertising?
– The key to success in online promotion
– Failures and solutions in web design
– – Solutions
– – Content
– – The goal of web marketing
– The e-marketing concept
– – So what is marketing?
– Elements of a successful presence on the Internet
– – Domain names
– – Design
– – Promotion
– – Visitors interest
Market research
– Business Plan
– Audience
– – Visitors
– Size and structure of the market
Consumption research
– Methods for the investigation of the needs
– Investigation of consumer behavior. Regaining lost customers.
Pricing Policy in Online Businesses
– Web design
– Attracting customers
– The shift from marketing to sales
– Merchant account
– Order form
– Online authorization
– Order tracking
– Technical challenges
– Subcontracting
– Conclusions
Short tips on online promotion strategy
Marketing policy
– When should you start?
– Marketing plan
– Guerrilla marketing
– – Link strategy
– – Banner strategy
– – e-Mail strategy
– – Web forums and mailing lists/e-groups
– – – Advertisements
– – – Online contacts
– – Online magazines / Newsletters
– – – 12 advices for a newsletter
– – Contests, prizes and freeware in marketing
– – – Organization of contests
– – – Awards
– – – Freeware
– Viral marketing
– – Where it comes from the power of the system?
– – How does viral marketing work?
– – Planning online business
– – Key Practices:
– – Key resources:
– – Planning elements:
Collecting and analyzing information
– Planning online business
– – Key Practices:
– – Key resources:
– – Planning elements:
Network marketing
Affiliate programs
– Choosing an affiliate program
– Setting up an affiliate program
– – Method #1
– – Method #2
– – Method #3
Online advertising
– Establish a clear goal
– Define the advert
– Site optimization
– Use the interactive capabilities of the Internet
– Copywriting
– – 1. Gathering information about the product
– – 2. Identify the essential characteristics of the product
– – 3. Identify the target audience
– – 4. Establish objectives of your message
– – 5. Identify the format of the message
– – 6. Develop the message
– Direct marketing techniques
– Increase the exposure
– Marketing brochures and flyers
– – Advice #1: Look – and only then try to see
– – Advice #2: Extreme simplicity
– – Advice #3: Bars and boxes
– – Advice #4: Do not forget the “nothing”
– – Advice #5: Less is more
– – Advice #6: Proportions
– – Advice #7: Adequacy
– – Advice #8: Color
– – Advice #9: Paper
– – Advice #10: Details
– Using the business card as a marketing tool
– Increasing sales through catalogs
– Television versus Internet in advertising
– – Similarities:
– – Differences
The marketing myths
– Myth #1: You can advertise for tens of millions people on the Internet
– Myth #2: If you currently do not act on Internet, you will lose a big chance
– Myth #3: You cannot advertise on the Internet
– Myth #4: If you try to advertise on the Internet, you will be burned alive
– Myth #5: You can make lots of money quickly on the Internet
– Myth #6: No one makes any money on the Internet
– Myth #7: Nobody can find you on the Internet. (Alternative: You can not find anything on the Internet)
Finally,

MultiMedia Publishing House https://www.telework.ro/en/e-books/marketing-small-business/

How to… Marketing for Small Business